Yohanes S Lon


This study explores the complexity of marriage for people in Manggarai. Since they are citizens of the cultural community of Manggarai, Indonesian citizens, and members of a Catholic community, their marriage is required to follow the provisions of customary law, religious law, and state law. Using a library and ethnographic approaches, the study compares these laws on the legality of marriage and analyzes their differences and the impacts on the rights and obligations of married couples and children born to the couple. The study discovered that the differences in the provisions regarding the validity of a marriage between the three laws have provided space for the emergence of legal uncertainty and discriminatory treatment of customary marriages which are not legalized by religious law and state law as well as marriages that are divorced civilly but are still valid according to Catholic rules. Such a phenomenon is certainly a portrait of failure or incompetence in the attempt to unify marriage law in Indonesia through Law No. 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage. So it is urgent to have a more comprehensive new law that accommodates the wisdom of local customary law and provides protection for every citizen

Full Text:



Boylon, S. Yohanes. 2002. “Perkawinan menurut Adat Manggarai dalam Perspektif Hukum Gereja Katolik” dalam Chen (ed.), Iman, Budaya dan Pergumulan Sosial, Jakarta: Obor

Ellyne, Dwi Poespasari. (2019). ‘The Position of Mamak Kepala Waris in High Ancestral Inheritance in Minangkabau Indigenous Community”. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum. 19 (1).1-18. DOI 10.20884/1.jdh.2019.19.1.2214.

Erb, M., &Widyawati, F. (2018).“Missionaries and Mining: Conflicts over Development in Easter Indonesia”. In C. Scheer, P. Fountain, & M. R. Feener, The Mission of Development, Religion and Recho-Politics in Asia,82-106. Netherland and Boston: Brill. DOI:

Gordon, J.H. (1975). The Manggarai: Economic and Social transformation in an Eastern Indonesia Society. Cambridge: Massachusets.

Huijbers, Theo. (1995). Filsafat Hukum dalam lintas sejarah. Yogyakarta: Kanisius;

Judiasih Sonny Dewi, Nazmina Asrimayasha Nugraha, and Luh Putu Sudini. 2019. “Prohibition of Intera Religion Marriage in Indonesia”. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum.(19). 186-203. 10.20884/1.jdh.2019.19.1.2462.

Lastuti, Abubakar. (2013). “Revitalisasi Hukum Ada sebagai Sumber Hukum dalam Sistem Hukum Indonesia, Jurnal Dinamika Hukum. 13 (2). 319-331. DOI 10.20884/1.jdh.2013.13.2.213.

Lon, S. Yohanes & Widyawati, Fransiska. (2017a). “Cultural Aspects on Child's Development and Parenting in Manggarai”. Guidena, Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Psikologi, Bimbingan dan Konseling. 7 (1). 130-139.DOI 10.24127/gdn.v7i1.959.

Lon, S. Yohanes & Widyawati, Fransiska (2017b). “Lingkaran Kekerasan Terhadap Anak Dalam masyarakat Manggarai”. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Missio.9 (1). 14-24.

Lon, S. Yohanes & Widyawati, Fransiska (2018). “Bride-Wealth: Is There Respect for Women in Manggarai?” Humaniora. 30 (3). 271-278.DOI:

Lon, S. Yohanes. (2019). “Meningkatkan Pengetahuan dan Kesadaran Akan Hukum Kanonik Gereja Katolik Bagi Umat di Keuskupan Ruteng-Manggarai (Increasing The Knowledge and Awareness of the People of Ruteng Diocese In Canon Law)”.Jurnal Randang Tana. 2 (1). 1-9.

Lukito, Ratno. (2008). “The Enigma of Legal Pluralism in Indonesian Islam: The Case of Interfaith Marriage”. Journal Islamic Law & Culture.10(2). 179-191. DOI 10.1080/15288170802236457.

Mahfud, Muh. Afif. (2017). “Hak Menguasai Negara dan Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Hak Ulayat Masyarakat Hukum Ada: Kajian Teoritits dan Implementasinya” Kanun Jurnal Ilmu Hukum 19 (1). 63-80.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. (1986). Ilmu Hukum. Bandung: Alumni.

Soekanto, Soerjono.(1986). Kedudukan Kepala Desa Sebagai Hakim Perdamaian Desa. Jakarta, Rajawali.

Sukirno.(2012). “Sistematisasi Peraturan Perundang-udangan yang berkaitan dengan Ulayat sebagai Upaya mencegah Konflik.” Jurnal Masalah-masalah.41 (4).557-563. DOI 10.14710/mmh.41.4.2012.557-563.

Sulaiman.(2017). “Mereposisi Cara Pandang Hukum Negara terhadapHukumAdat di Indonesia”.Petita.2 (1). 37-46.

Von Benda-Beckmann, FransdanKeebet von Benda-Beckmann. (2011). “Myths and stereotypes about adat law: A reassessment of Van Vollenhoven in the light of current struggles over adat law in Indonesia”. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania. 167 (2,3). 167-195. DOI 10.2307/41288760.

Webb, Paul. (1990). Rural Development and Tradition: The Churches in Bali and Flores. Michigan: Centre of Southeast Asia Studies.

Widyawati, Fransiska, and Purwatma, M.(2013). “The Development of Catholicism in Manggarai Eastern Indonesia: Religion, Identity, and Politics”. Dissertation. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University.

Widyawati, Fransiska. (2018). Catholics in Manggarai, Eastern Indonesia. Geneva: Globethics.

Widyawati, Fransiska. (2019). “Revitalisasi Tradisi Tombo Turuk di Desa Perang Kabupaten Manggarai, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur”.Jurnal Randang Tana.2 (1). 30-38.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia I Building, Room Number 111ISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License