SUSTAINED CHARACTER BUILDING THROUGH LITERATURE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS IN INDONESIA

Tatit Hariyanti, Sudjito Sudjito

Abstract


This paper aims at promoting sustained character building through literature especially for college students in Indonesia. Up to present time the character building has been restricted to the embedment of good virtues to children and adolescents. The majority of existing studies and researches, therefore, tend to focus their attention to such limited area. Character building ought to be a sustainable effort halted not when one finishes his/her study at elementary or intermediate  grades. It should be maintained all life long. There are two highlighted problems which are going to explore in this paper: first, why literature is still considered to be one of the effective media to establish sustained character building for college students and second, what appropriate Instructional Strategies to conduct such effort are. The result shows that literature is still effective due to its natural characteristic, its wide spectrum, and its dynamically broadened functions. Under the conviction that the students have already been undergoing  the process of embedment of some core values before, the given literary works containing, elaborating and questioning or challenging   the given embedded values are taken to be the source of discussion. The instructional strategies cover discussion, debate, seminar, film appreciation, and creative writing.

Keywords: character building, instructional strategies, literature, sustained


References


Alawiyah, Faridah. (2012) Kebijakan dan Pengembangan Pembangunan Karakter melalui Pendidikan di Indonesia. Aspirasi, Vol. 3, No. 1, 87-101. Retrieved 4 May 2017 from https://jurnal.dpr.go.id/index.php/aspirasi/article/view/259/200

Albee. E. (1909). The Meaning of Literature for Philosophy.The International Journal of Ethics, Retrieved 6 March 2017 from https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/2376972.pdf

Almerico, Gina M. (2014). Building character through literacy with children’s literature. Higher Education Journal 26 – October, 2014

Brynildssen, S. (2002). Character Education through Children’sLiterature. Family Learning Association Bloomington IN. [ED 469 929], Retrieved 2 March 2017 from http://wik.ed.uiuc.edu/index.php/

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. 2010. Kebijakan Nasional Pembangunan Karakter Bangsa Tahun 2010-2025. Jakarta: Pusat Kurikulum Balitbang Kemdiknas.

Castells, M. (1999). Flows, networks, and Identities: a Critical Theory of the informational society. New York: Oxford University Press.

Character Education , Jakarta Conference on National Character Building (2011), Retrieved 4 March, 2017 from http://www.upf.org/peace-education-and-human-development/character-education-reports/4164-jakarta-conference-on-national-character-building-sp-125216573

Chiariello, Paul. (2014). Why is Literature Important? The 3 Social Functions of Fiction. Applied Sentience, Retrieved 10 March 2017 from https://appliedsentience.com/2014/05/06/why-is-literature-important-the-4-social-uses-of-fiction/

Damon, W . ed. (2002). Bringing in a Ne w Era in Character Education. Stanford. CA: Hoover Institution Press. Retrieved 5 March 2017 from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED476547.pdf

Edgington, William D. To Promote Character Education, Use Literature for Children and Adolescents. The Social Studies.May/June 2002. 113-116.

Fitz Simons, Emily M., (2013). Character education: A role for literature in cultivating character strengths. Master of Applied PositivePsychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects. 50. Retrieved 1 March, 2017 from http://repository.upenn.edu/mapp_capstone/50

Hariyanti, T. (2013). The contribution of Literature to the Humanization of Law in Indonesia. Jurnal Humaniora, Vol. 25, No. 2, 117-128. Retrieved 2 January 2017 from https://journal.ugm.ac.id/jurnal-humaniora/article/view/2355

oai: doaj.org/article:2d828e35b0ac49be92416c8f3e576fd7

_________. (2015). The Challenges of World Wide Web in Teaching and Learning English Literature in Indonesia. Arab World English Journal, Vol. 6, No.3, 261-274. (SSRN Scholarly Paper No. ID 2834742). Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=2834742

Hariyanti, T & Nurhayati, D. (2017). Pearl in Hawthorne’s the Scarlet Letter: a Socio-Religious Perspective. Arab World English Journal for Translation & Literary Studies, Vol. 1, No.1,. 65-78, eISSN: 2550-1542, Retrieved 6 March 2017 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awejtls/vol1no1.5

Horton, R.W. and Edward, W.H. (1974).Background of American Literary Thought. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Kristal, A. (March 2014). What is Literature: In defense of the canon. Harper Magazine, Retrieved 5 March 2017 from

http://archive.harpers.org/2014/03/pdf/HarpersMagazine-2014-03-0084827.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJXATU3VRJAAA66RA&Expires=1488725763&Signature=z%2FpMluEBSGkpOReOtvPwr2MnGM4%3D

Kohlberg, Lawrence and Richard H. Hersh. (1977). Moral Development: A Review of the Theory, Theory in Practice 16.2 April 1977. 53.

Lickona, T. (1991). Educating for character: How our schools can teach respect and responsibility. New York: Bantam Books. [ED 337 451]

Marshall, Jamie. (2006), Character Education Instruction Integrated Through Literature in Elementary Classrooms.All Regis University Theses. Paper 408. Retrieved on 27 February, 2017 from http://epublications.regis.edu/theses

Mc Elmeel, S.L. (2002). Character education: A book guide of teachers, librarians, and parents. Greenwood Village, CO: Teacher Ideas Press.

Mosher, Joy. (2001). Children”s literature and Character Development, in The Forth and Fifth Rs: Respect and Responsibility, Newsletter .Vol. 8, No. 1, 1-6.

Mustakim, S.S, Mustapha, R &Lebar, O. (2015). Critical Analysis of Supportive and Supressive Factors for the Children’s Literature program in Malaysia, Journal of Education and Learning, Vol. 9, No.1, 1-10.

Lintner, T. (2011). Using “exceptional” children’s literature to promote character education in elementary social studies classrooms. The Social Studies 102, 200-213.

Parker, Dewitt H. (2003). The Principles Of Aesthetics: Chapter XV - The Function of Art: Art and Religion. Hypertext conversion by Philipp Lenssen. Retrieved 10 March 2017 from http://www.authorama.com/principles-of-aesthetics-16.html

Pujiharto ( 2016). Reorientation of Literary Study: From Indonesian Literature to Literature in Indonesia, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 7, No.1, 288- 295. Doi:10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n3p288

Steje, B .L. (2010). Nuts and Bolts of Character Education: A Literary Review, Retrieved 5 March 2017 fromhttp://strata.vaesite.com/__data/uploads/files/CharacterEducationReport.pdf

Ward, Natalie. (2006). Iser's Aesthetic Response Theory Viewedin the Context of Collaborative Hyperfictions, CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal. Retrieved 4 March, 2017 from http://repository.upenn.edu/curej/42.

Wynne, E & Ryan, K. (1997). Reclaiming our schools: Teaching character, academics, and discipline. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2018.18.1.1707

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 47 times

Refbacks






JURNAL DINAMIKA HUKUM Indexed by :

                        

Logo Ebsco
 

 

 

 

 
 
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Gedung Yustisia I, Room Number 111ISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License