LEGAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF WOMEN IN AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR

Sardar M.A. Waqar Khan Arif

Abstract


This article focuses on legal perspectives of women’s social and economic status in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). The bulk of international human rights  instruments provide that human rights are available to ‘everyone’ as grounded in Universal Declaration of human rights (UDHR), (1948) and other human rights instruments. In relation to women, economic, social and cultural (ESC) rights are specifically grounded in UDHR, Women’s Convention and the International Covenant of Economic, social and cultural rights (ICESCR), (1966). In this context, this paper analyses relevant provisions of women’s rights in order to highlight obligations of AJK pertaining to protection of ESC rights. It discusses the ESC status of women with linkage to Millennium development goals (MDGs). It aims to discuss that what are socio-economic conditions of women in AJK? Is there any pattern of vulner-ability in this respect? In general, ESC rights are considered as mere aspirations and goals therefore the Maastricht guidelines are also formulated. The argument developed throughout article is that though AJK is not a State but is state-like entity and has its human rights obligations, in particular, ESC obligations for promotion and protection of women. The women in AJK are vulnerable and may be empowered by promotion of ESC rights.

Keywords: ESC rights, women in AJK, human rights  


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, Ajaz. “Impact of Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting (RRWH) Technology on Women Time Allocation in Hilly and Fragile Areas of Bagh and Battagram Districts”. 27th AGM and Conference Papers, 2015. Pp. 1-23

Asif, Muhammad. “Violence against Women in Pakistan: Role of Police and Media”. So-cial Sciences Review of Pakistan. Vol. 1 Issue 1. 2011. P. 13.

Case Study prepared by Mary McVay, consultant, in conjunction with: Linda Jones and Helen Loftin, Mennonite Economic Devel-opment Associates (MEDA) and Economic and Career development Institute (EDCI) funded by the USAID Implementation Grants program (IGP), 2003-2007.

Hassan, Muhammad. 2005. The Roles of Gender in Azad Kashmir. Urdu Edition. Mirpur: Bukhari Printing Agency Mirpur;

Khan, Fawad and Danish Mustafa. Navigating the Contours of the Pakistani Hazardscapes: Disaster Experience versus Policy, Chap-ter 8, May, 2007, Available on website: https://thebookee.net/fa/fawad-khan, accessed on November 2017;

Lundberg, Shelly J and Robert A Pollak. “Non-cooperative Bargaining Models of Marri-age”. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings. Vol. 84 No. 2, 1994. Pp. 132-137;

Millennium Project, 2005, Investing in Develop-ment: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Mil-lennium Development Goals, Overview, London: Earth scan;

Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform. 2013. Pakistan Millennium Development Goals Report. Pakistan: Ministry of Plan-ning, Development and Reform;

Planned project activities 2002 – 2003 adden-dum, International fund for Agricultural Development, Executive Board – Seventy-Seventh Session, Rome, 10-11 December, 2002.

AJK Economic Review. 2011. Azad Kashmir Eco-nomic Review. Muzaffarabad: Kashmir Government Press.

Charlier Sophie and Lisette Caubers. June 2007. “Working Group of The Commission on Women Development. The Women Em-powerment Approach-a Methodological Guide”. available on: http//www.dgcd. be. accessed on November 2017;

United Nations Security Council Resolution. 1325. 2000.

United Nations Commission on Human Rights. April 2003.Agenda item 10, Economic, Social and Cultural rights. Geneva: United Nations Commission on Human Rights;

United Nations Report on Indicators for Pro-moting and Monitoring the Implement-ation of Human Rights. Realizing the Fu-ture We Want for All: Report to the Sec-retary-General. UN System Task Team Re-port on the Post-2015 Development Agen-da, June 6, 2008. Available on: www2.

ohchr.org/english/bodies/icm-mc/docs/ HRI.MC.2008.3EN.pdf. accessed on December, 2017;

Vandemoortele, Jan. “MDGs: Misunderstood Targets?. International Poverty Centre. No. 28, January, 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2018.18.2.1902

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





JURNAL DINAMIKA HUKUMIndexed by :

 


 
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia I Building, Room Number 111ISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License