Legal Status of The Social Security Administrator (BPJS) As A Public Legal Entity

Diah Arimbi

Abstract


The Social Security Administrator (BPJS) as an independent public legal entity has its legal position and authority. Because of the regulation issued by the Ministry of Health, the independence of BPJS is interfered with. The relationship that has not been well organized and elegant between BPJS and the Ministry of Health has caused many program problems in the field. Therefore, we need to figure out where the position of BPJS is as a state institution with a public legal entity. The BPJS forms the basis of the Welfare State, through which the government carries out its role of providing basic citizens’ rights to life. Based on Article 28 H and 34 of the 1945 Constitution, the National Social Security System (SJSN) law was established. The Social Security Administrator for Health (BPJS Kesehatan), a legal entity established by the law to administer social security programs, was then formed. Based on those bases, the relationship between BPJS of Health and the Ministry of Health is functional so that the BPJS as a state institution responsible to the President has complete independence.

 

Keywords: Social Security Administrator for Health; Public Legal Entity; Legal Position.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Asshiddiqie, J. (2010). Perkembangan dan Konsolidasi lembaga Negara Pasca Reformasi. Jakarta : Sinar Grafika.

Awaluddin, A. (2017). Kewenangan Komisi Kepolisian Nasional dalam Mewujudkan Tata Kelola Kepolisian Yang Baik. Jurnal Media Hukum, 24(1), 52–61. https://doi.org/10.18196/jmh.2017.0089.52-61

Busemeyer, M. R., & Iversen, T. (2020). The Welfare State with Private Alternatives: The Transformation of Popular Support for Social Insurance. The Journal of Politics, 82(2), 671–686. https://doi.org/10.1086/706980

Chidir, A. (1987). Badan Hukum. Bandung : Alumni.

Douwes, R., Stuttaford, M., & London, L. (2018). Social Solidarity, Human Rights, and Collective Action: Considerations in the Implementation of the National Health Insurance in South Africa. Health and Human Rights Journal, 20(2), 185–196. Retrieved from https://cdn1.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2469/2018/12/Douwes.pdf

Douwes, R., Stuttaford, M., & London, L. (2018). Social Solidarity, Human Rights, and Collective Action: Considerations in the Implementation of the National Health Insurance in South Africa. Health and Human Rights Journal, 20(2), 185–196. Retrieved from https://cdn1.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2469/2018/12/Douwes.pdf

Folbre, N., & Wolf, D. (2013). The Intergenerational Welfare State. Population and Development Review, 38, 36-51. Retrieved October 22, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23655285

Fuady, M. (2009). Teori Negara Hukum Modern (Rechtstaat). Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Greenberg, J., & Cohen, R. L. (2014). Equity and Justice in Social Behavior. Massachusetts, America: Academic Press.

Hidayat, Arif. (2016). Chairman of Constitution Court. “Mengawal Pemenuhan Hak Konstitusional Warga Negara atas Jaminan Sosial”, Presented in National Seminar, November 24, 2016.

Huda, N. (2017). Potensi Sengketa Kewenangan Lembaga Negara dan Penyelesaiannya di Mahkamah Konstitusi. Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, 24(2), 193–212. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol24.iss2.art2

Hunt, P and Backman, G. (2008). Health Systems and The Right To The Highest Attainable Standard of Health. Health and Human Rights Journal. 10 (1). 81-92. Retrieved on Februari, 9 2020, from https://cdn1.sph.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2469/2013/07/7-Backman.pdf.

Ilmar, Aminuddin, Asikin, H. Zainal. (2014). Hukum Tata Pemerintahan. Jakarta : Kencana.

Irfani, N. Organisasi Jaminan Sosial Republik Federal Jerman. Retrieved on Januari 13, 2017. from http://www.jamsosindonesia.com/kjs/files/Mancanegara/Organisasi%20Jaminan%20Sosial%20di%20Jerman.pdf

Kadarisman, M. (2015). ANALISIS TENTANG PELAKSANAAN SISTEM JAMINAN SOSIAL KESEHATAN PASCA PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI NO. 07/PUU-III/2005. JURNAL HUKUM IUS QUIA IUSTUM, 22(3), 467–488. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol22.iss3.art7

Kalsen, H. (2007). Teori Umum tentang Hukum dan Negara. Bandung : Nusamedia.

Kendrex, J E K, (2015). Punishing The Poor Through Welfare Reform: Cruel And Unusual. Duke Law Journal. 64. 124-128. Retrieved on Februari 15, 2020 from https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1007&context=dlj_online

Ljunge, M. (2012). The Spirit of the Welfare State? Adaptation in the Demand for Social Insurance. Journal of Human Capital. 6 (3). 219-220. Retrieved on Februari 9, 2020, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/667723

Mahfud, MD. (2003). Demokrasi dan Konstitusi di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Marzuki, S. (2019). Politik Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia Tentang Kebebasan Beragama Pasca Orde Baru. Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum, 26(2), 215–237. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol26.iss2.art1

MD, M. M. (2000). Politik Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia. Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, 7(14), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.20885/iustum.vol7.iss14.art1

Riawan, W.T. (2008). Hukum Administrasi Negara. Yogyakarta : Atma Jaya.

Rofieq, A. (2011). PELAYANAN PUBLIK DAN WELFARE STATE. Governance : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 2(1), 99–111. Retrieved from http://jurnal.unismabekasi.ac.id/index.php/governance/article/view/719/605

Sambouw, S.T. Perlindungan Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia Terhadap Hak Ekonomi Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Di Pulau Marore Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Lex Administratum. 3 (5). 89-99. Retrieved on July 9, 2020 from https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/administratum/article/view/8711/8275

Scott, D. (1994). Hak Azazi manusia. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Shihab, N.A. (2013). BPJS Jalan Panjang Mewujudkan Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional. Depok: Cinta Indonesia.

Soekanto, S. (2012). Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta : UI-Press.

Suharto, E. (2006). Peta dan Dinamika Welfare State Dibeberapa Negara: pelajaran yang dapat dipetik untuk membangun Indonesia. Downloaded on Mei 13, 2019, from http://www.policy.hu/suharto/Naskah%20PDF/UGMWelfareState.pdf.

Thabrany, H. (2009, March). Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional: Sebuah Policy Paper dalam Analisis Kesesuaian Tujuan dan Struktur BPJS. Retrieved from https://staff.ui.ac.id/system/files/users/hasbulah/material/bpjsnsionalataubpjsd.pdf

Triputra, A. Y. Implementasi Nilai-Nilai Hak Asasi Manusia Global ke dalam Sistem Hukum Indonesia yang Berlandaskan Pancasila. Jurnal Hukum Ius Quia Iustum. 24(2). 289-290, retrieved on Juli 11, 2020 from https://journal.uii.ac.id/IUSTUM/article/view/7342/7409.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2019.19.3.2700

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





JURNAL DINAMIKA HUKUM Indexed by :

 
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia I Building, Room Number 111ISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License