ASEAN Mechanism for Human Security Problems in Southeast Asia: What's Wrong?

Natalia Yeti Puspita


Since the flow of goods and services begins to cross national borders, threats to human security do not originate solely from war. The era of traditional security has begun to shift towards non-traditional security or human security. In this concept, threats to security are directed directly at humans such as natural disasters, epidemics, drugs and human trafficking, and terrorism. Southeast Asia is the region most vulnerable to natural disasters. Relations between countries in this region are under the auspices of ASEAN. ASEAN Way is an ASEAN mechanism based on the principle of state sovereignty and non-intervention. ASEAN Way and Human Security are two different concepts. The ASEAN mechanism cannot be applied absolutely to overcome natural disasters that are massive, cross-border and occur in areas of armed conflict in Southeast Asia. In this case, it is necessary to broaden understanding of the nature of the principle of state sovereignty and non-intervention.

Keywords: ASEAN Mechanism, Human Security, Southeast Asia


Full Text:

PDF View


Abad, M.C. (2004). Globalization and Human Sdecurity in Southeast Asia. The Indonesian Quartely Journal. 32(01). 86-97.

Acharya, Amitav. (2014). Remaking Southeast Asian Studies: Doubt, Desire, and the Promise of Comparisons. Pacific Affairs Journal. 87 (3). 463-483.

Avgar, Amos., Recent, William., and Kaplan, Romi. (2007). Responding to Natural Disaster. Journal of Jewish Communal Service. 83(1). 39-49.

Ayudhya, Porntip (Ploy) Israsena na. (2013). Potential Policies and Areas of Cooperation on Disaster Management and Emergency Response between ASEAN and Canada. Retrieved October 19, 2019 from

Baldwin, David A. (1997). The Concept of Security. Review of International Studies Journal. 23(1). 5-26.

Bangun, Budi Hermawan. (2017). Tantangan ASEAN dalam Melakukan Penanganan Pengungsi Rohingya. Padjajaran Jurnal Ilmu Hukum. 4(3). 569-586.

Benjamin, Loh. (2005). Disaster Risk Management in Southeast Asia. ASEAN Economic Bulletin Journal. 22 (2). 229-239.

Bishop, William W. (1951). Asylum Case (Colombia/Peru). The American Journal of International Law. 45 (1). 179-195.

Burton, Emilie M. Hafner, Stein, Jana Von, and Gartzke, Erik. (2008). International Organizations Count. The Journal of Conflict Resolution. 52 (2). 175-188.

Chalermpalanupap, Termasak. (2009). The ASEAN Secretariat and Legal Issues Arising from ASEAN Charter. Jurnal Hukum Internasional. 6(2). 178-186.

Ciorciari, John D. (2017). ASEAN and the Great Powers. Contemporary Southeast Journal. 39 (2). 252-258.

D’amato, Anthony. (2001). There is no Norm of Intervention or Non-Intervention in International Law. International Legal Theory Journal. 7 (1). 1-18.

Emmers, Ralf. (2018). Unpacking ASEAN Neutrality: the Quest for Autonomy and Impartiality in Southeast Asia. Contemporary Southeast Asia Journal. 40 (5). 349-370.

Evans, Gareth; Thakur, Ramesh; and Pape, Robert A. (2013). Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibilty to Protect. International Security Journal. 37 (4). 199-214.

Farida, Elfia. (2009). Efektivitas Piagam ASEAN (ASEAN Charter) bagi ASEAN sebagai Organisasi Internasional. Jurnal QISTIE. 3 (3). 1-14.

Feigenblatt, Otto von. (2009). ASEAN and Human Security. RCAPS Working Paper. 9 (5). 1-22. Retrieved December 1, 2018, from

Ferris, Elizabeth dan Petz, Daniel. (2013). In the Neighborhood: The Growing Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management. 1-104. Retrieved July 3, 2019, from

Garner, Bryan A. (2004). Black’s law Dictionary. Eighth Edition. United States of America: Thomson West Publishing Co.

Gasper, Des. (2012). Climate Change: the Need for a Human Rights Agenda Within a Framework of Shared Human Security. Social Research Journal. 79 (4). 983-1014.

Gomez ,Oscar A. (2014). What Can the Human Development Approach Tell Us about Crisis? An Axploration. The International Journal of Social Quality. 4(2). 28-45.

Guan, Benny Teh Cheng. (2004). ASEAN’s Regional Challenge: The ASEAN Process. The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies. 20. 70-94.

Gutner, Tamar. (2005). World Bank Environmental Reform: Revisiting Lessons from Agency Theory. International Organization Journal. 59 (3). 773-783.

Hassman, Rhoda E. Howard. (2012). Human Security: Undermining Human Rights? Human Rights Quarterly Journal. 34 (1). 88-112.

Katsumata, Hiro. (2003). Reconstruction of Diplomatic Norms in Southeast Asia: The case for strict adherence to the "ASEAN Way". Contemporary Southeast Asia Journal. 25 (1). 104-121.

Katsumata, Hiro, Jones, David Martin, dan Smith, Michael L.R. (2008). ASEAN, Regional Integration, and State Sovereignty. International Security Journal. 33 (2). 182-187.

Kayaoglu, Turan. (2010). Westphalian Eurocentrism in International Relations Theory. International Studies Review Journal. 12 (2). 193-217.

Khudi, Achmad Firas dan Anugrah, Iqra. (2013). Kajian Asia Tenggara: Antara Narasi, Teori, dan Emansipasi. Jurnal Kajian Wilayah. 4 (2) .205-228.

Kim, Min-hyung Kim. (2011). The Theorizing ASEAN Integration. Asian Perspective Journal. 35 (3) .407-435.

King, Garry and Murray, Christopher J.L. (2001). Rethinking Human Security. The Journal of Public and International Affairs. 116 (4). 585-610.

Kusumawardhana, Indra dan Zulkarnain. (2016). Globalisation and Strategy: Negara, Teritori dan Kedaulatan di Era Globalisasi. Jurnal Ilmu dan Budaya. 40 (54). 6139-6160.

Loetan, Syahrial. (2003). Millennium Development Goal (MDG) dan Program Pembangunan Nasional di Indonesia. Indonesia Journal of International Law. 1 (1). 60-77.

Long, David. (1993). International Functionalism and Politics of Forgetting. International Journal. 48 (2). 355-379.

Macmillan, John. (2013). Intervention and the Ordering of the Modern World. Review of International Studies Journal. 39 (5). 1039-1056.

Mattes, Michaela and Rodrigues, Mariana. (2014). Autocracies and International Cooperation. International Studies Quarterly Journal. 58 (3). 527-538.

McCorquodale, Robert and Simons, Penelope. (2007). Responsibility beyond Borders: State Responsibility for Extraterritorial Violations by Corporations of International Human Rights Law. The Modern Law Review Journal. 70. (4). 598-625.

Narine, Shaun. (1997). ASEAN and the ARF: the Limits of the “ASEAN WAY”. Asian Survey Journal. 37 (10). 961-978.

Nielson Daniel L. and Tierny, Michael J. (2003). Delegation to International Organizations: Agency Theory and World Bank Environmental Reform. International Organization Journal. 57. 246-262.

Nurhidayah, Laely; Alam, Shawkat; and Lipman, Zada. (2015). The Influence of International Law upon ASEAN Approaches in Addressing Transboundary Haze Pollution in Southeast Asia. Contemporary Southeast Asia Journal. 37 (2). 183-210.

Oratmangun, Djauhari. (2003). Human Development and Human Security: A Journey towards a Humane Global World. International Journal of International Law. 1 (1). 46-59.

Petz, D. (2014). Strengthening Regional and National Capacity for Disaster Risk Management-the Case of ASEAN. 1-40. Retrieved September 2, 2019, from

Proulx, Vincent-Joel. (2016). Institutionalizing State Responsibility: Global Security and UN Organs. Proceeding of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law) Jurnal. 110. 212-215.

Powers, Gerad F. (2014). The Ethics of Intervention. Security and Peace Journal. 32 (2). 119-124.

Puspita, Natalia Yeti. (2015). Tanggung Jawab Negara untuk Menerima Bantuan Kemanusiaan Saat Tanggap Darurat Bencana Alam. Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Hukum. 44 (2). 91-98.

Puspita, Natalia Yeti. (2017). Natural Disaster in Armed Conflict Area: The Implementation of the Doctrine of Responsibility to protect in the ASEAN. Journal of East Asia and International Law. 10 (2). 463-487.

Puspita, Natalia Yeti. (2017). Quo Vadis the ASEAN Role in Natural Disaster Management in Southeast Asia. Dinamika Hukum Journal. 17 (2). 163-170.

Richmond, Oliver P. (2002). States of Sovereignty, Sovereign States, and Ethnic Claims for International Status. Review of International Studies Journal. 28(2). 381-402.

Richmond, Oliver P. (2013). Human Security and the Its Subjects. International Journal. 68 (1). 205-225.

Riyanto, Sigit. (2009). Kajian Hukum Internasional tentang Pengaruh Kedaulatan Negara terhadap Perlindungan Pengungsi Internal. Disertasi. Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada. 1-428.

Riyanto, Sigit. (2012). Kedaulatan Negara dalam Kerangka Hukum Internasional Kontemporer. Jurnal Yustisia. 1 (3). 5-14.

Rudiany, Novita Putri. (2015). Studi Perbandingan Proses Keanggotaan ASEAN: Vietnam, Myanmar, Kamboja, dan Timor Leste. Jurnal Analisis Hubungan Internasional. 4 (1). 1685-1702.

Saravanamutu, Johan. (2005). Wither the ASEAN Security Community? Some Reflection’s. International Journal of Asia Pacific Studies. 1. 40-57.

Starke, J.G. (1994). International Law. Elevanth Edition. United Kingdom: Butterworths.

Taylor, Robert H. (2015). Responding to Nargis: Political Storm or Humanitarian Rage? Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia. 30 (3). 911-932.

The ASEAN Disaster Risk Management Initiative. (2010). Synthesis Report on Ten ASEAN Countries Disaster Risk Assesment. Retrieved October 19, 2019, from

The ASEAN Political-Security Community. (2016). ASEAN Political-Security Blueprint. Retrieved September 2, 2019, from

The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). (2015). Disaster without Borders-Regional Resilience for Sustainable Development. Asia Pacific Report. Retrieved September 2, 2019, from

Thomas, Victor Bulmer. (2001). Regional Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean. Bulletin of Latin American Research Journal. 20. (3). 360-369.

Tripathi, Shri Prakash Mani. (2010). Relevance of Regional Organization. The Indian Journal of Political Science. 71 (4). 1243-1250.

Tunick, Mark. (2014). John Locke and the Right to Bear Arms. History of Poltical Thought Journal. 35. (1). 50-69.

Winarno, Budi. (2008). Politik Regionalisme dan Tantangan ASEAN di Tengah Arus Besar Globalisasi. Jurnal Spektrum. 5(2).1-16.

Wilcox, Francis O. (1965). International Organization Law Journal. 19 (13). 789-811.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Crossref logo

Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia IV Building, Law Journal CenterISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License