State Responsibility During Covid-19 Pandemic In The Perspective Of The Indonesian Constitutional Law

Riris Ardhanariswari


Abstract--Coronavirus first emerged and spread to humans from Wuhan city, China at the end of December 2019 and spread to Indonesia and became a serious concern in Indonesia since March 2020 as it was stated as a national
outbreak. The Indonesian Constitution asserts that the purpose of formation of the State of Indonesia is to protect the whole people of Indonesia and the entire homeland of Indonesia, to promote general prosperity, to develop the nation’s intellectual life, and to contribute to the implementation of a world order based on freedom, lasting peace and social justice. The Covid-19 pandemic is not only occurring in Indonesia, but also in other countries, and each country certainly issues different policies. The state with its authority should respond to the condition in the community, which this research is based on. This research employed a normative legal method and used secondary data as its main data. Various policies are issued by the Indonesia Government from Government Regulation in Lieu of Law No. 1 of 2020 which has become Law No. 2 of 2020, Government Regulation No. 21 of 2020 on the Large Scale Social Restriction in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) Response Acceleration to technical regulations issued by ministers to solve Covid-19 related issues. The policies are certainly the implementation of the state’s responsibility to the people.

Keywords- State Responsibility, Constitutional Law

Full Text:



Hernadi Affandi, Tanggung Jawab Negara Dalam

Pemenuhan Hak Atas Pendidikan Menurut

Undang-Undang Dasar Tahun 1945 [State

Responsibility in Fulfillment of the Right to

Education According to the 1945 Constitution]

Law Journal POSITUM Vol. 1, No. 2, June 2017,

p. 223.

Lastuti Abubakar (2013), Revitalisasi Hukum Adat

Sebagai Sumber Hukum Dalam Membangun

Sistem Hukum Indonesia [Revitalization of

Customary Law as the Source of Law in Building

Indonesian Legal System], Dinamika Hukum

Journal, Volume 13, Number 2 May, DOI:

Aidul Fitriciada Azhari, (2012), Negara Hukum

Indonesia: Dekolonisasi dan Rekonstruksi Tradisi

[Constitutional State of Indonesia: Decolonization

and Reconstruction of Tradition], Ius Quia Iustum

Legal Journal No. 4 Vol. 19 October 2012: 489 –

, DOI:

Nugroho, Okky Chahyo, Peran Balai

Pemasyarakatan Pada Sistem Peradilan Pidana

Anak Di Tinjau Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi

Manusia [The Role of Correctional Bureau in

Child Criminal Judiciary System in the Perspective

of Human Rights], Human Rights Journal Volume

, Number 2, December 2017, DOI:


Lukman Hakim, Kewenangan Organ Negara dalam

Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan [State Organs’

Authorities in Governance Administration],

Constitutional Journal Vol. IV No. 1, June 2011, p.


Indroharto, Asas-Asas Umum Pemerintahan yang

baik, dalam Paulus Efendie Lotulung,

Himpunan Makalah Asas-Asas Umum

Pemerintahan yang baik [General Principles of a

Good Governance, A Collection of Papers of

General Principles of a Good Governance], Citra

Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 1994, P. 65.

Irfan Fachruddin, Pengawasan Peradilan

Administrasi terhadap Tindakan Pemerintah

[Administration Justice’s Supervision of

Government’s Actions], Alumni, Bandung, 2004,


Eide Asbjorn. Catarina Krause. Allan Rosas. 1995.

Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, A

Textbook. Martinus Nijhoff. Dordrecht. p. 21.

Sugeng Bahagijo dan Asmara Nababan, Hak Asasi

Manusi: Tanggung Jawab Negara Peran Institusi

Nasional dan Masyarakat [Human Rights: State

Responsibility, Role of National Institution and the

People], KOMNAS HAM, Jakarta, 1999. p. viii.

Fheriyal Sri Isriawaty, Tanggung Jawab Negara

Dalam Pemenuhan Hak Atas Kesehatan

Masyarakat Berdasarkan Undang Undang Dasar

Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 [State

Responsibility in Fulfilling the People’s Right to

Health under the 1945 Constitution of the Republic

of Indonesia], Legal Science Journal Legal

Opinion 2 nd Edition, Volume 3, Year 2015, p. 7.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia IV Building, Law Journal CenterISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License