The Impact of The Development of Investment and Construction on The Land Reform Years in Indonesia

Ari Tri Wibowo

Abstract


This study measures the effect of laws that eases liberal investment to land reform utilization in Indonesia regulated from Law Number 5 of 1960 or commonly referred to as the Basic Agrarian Law, the Government of the orde lama or colonial regulations, orde baru or new regulations, and many reforms issued policies that are certainly different from each regime. A literature review is used as the study approach. This study found that the presence of a law that facilitates investment has a major effect on the implementation of land reform, and the regulations that emerge tend to be liberal and only benefit certain parties. This is certainly contrary to the Indonesian legal basis law, namely the 1945 Constitution, especially Article 33 paragraph 3 and also Pancasila. Meanwhile, a successful land reform will increase economic growth in various countries that implement it because land reform helps increase people’s income.


Keywords: Investment, Land reform, Economic Growth


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidien, Z. (2013). Pegawai Hartati Murdaya Terancam Dibui 5 Tahun. Retrieved March 10, 2020, from https://nasional.tempo.co/read/524366/pegawai-hartati-murdaya-terancam-dibui-5-tahun).

Adamopoulos, T. & Restuccia, D. (2019). Land Reform and Productivity: A Quantitative Analysis with Micro Data. Working Papers tecipa-637, University of Toronto Department of Economics. 8-10.

Adji, Hery Setyo. (1997). Proses Pembangunan Ekonomi Dalam Perspektif Historis Komparasi Antara Indonesia dan Jepang. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan. 2 (3). 10.

Asshiddiqie, J. (2011). Gagasan Negara Hukum Indonesia. Makalah Disampaikan dalam Forum Dialog Perencanaan Pembangunan Hukum Nasional yang Diselenggarakan oleh Badan Pembinaan Hukum Nasional Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia. 14.

Aswandi, B., & Roisah, K. (2019). Negara Hukum Dan Demokrasi Pancasila Dalam Kaitannya Dengan Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM). Jurnal Pembangunan Hukum Indonesia. 1 (1). 132.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2013). Statistik Kelapa Sawit Indonesia. Sub Direktorat

Statistik Tanaman Perkebunan. xix.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2017). Statistik Kelapa Sawit Indonesia. Sub Direktorat

Statistik Tanaman Perkebunan, 9.

BESLEY, T. & BURGESS, R. (2000). Land Reform, Poverty Reduction, and Growth: Evidence from India. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 408,424.

Boyce, J. K., Rosset, P & Stanton, E. A. (2005). Land Reform and Sustainable Development. University of Massachusetts Amherst: Political Economy Research Institute. 3-7.

Bozsik, N dan Koncz, G. (2018). Regional Differences In Land Use In Hungary. Visegrad Journal on Bioeconomy and Sustainable Development. 7 (1). 12-13, DOI: 10.2478/vjbsd-2018-0003.

Chen, F. & Davis, J. Land reform in rural China since the mid-1980s1. This article reviews the major issues of land reform in rural China since the mid-1980s. Online Available: http://www.fao.org/3/x1372t/x1372t10.html.

Chotijah, G.T. (2015). Reconstructing Indonesian Economic System Based on Legal State Principle of Pancasila. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law. 7 (3). 23-29.

Datta, P.H., Sen, P. (2018). Land reforms in an Indian State: Lesson from the experiences of implementation. J. Asian Rur. Stud. 2(1): 1-15.

Dinka, M. O. & Chaka, D. D. (2019). Analysis of land use/land cover change in Adei watershed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Water and Land Development. IV-VI (41). 146-153, DOI: 10.2478/jwld-2019-0038.

Deininger, K., Brink, R.V.D.M., Hoogeveen, H., and Moyo, S. (2000). How Land Reform Can Contribute to Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from International and Zimbabwean Experience, Land Rights in Africa, Oxfam. 2.

Ernita, D., Amar, S., & Syofyan, E. (2013). Analisis Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Investasi, Dan Konsumsi Di Indonesia. Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi. 1 (2). 176-177.

Grabowsk, R. (2002). East Asia, Land Reform and Economic Development. Canadian Journal of Development Studies. XXIII (1). 106-126.

Hairani. (2014). Studi Tentang Land Reform Dalam Perspektif Reformasi Hukum Agraria. Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum. 19 (1). 17.

Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize. (2014). From failure to success in South African land reform. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 9 (4). 253-269.

Harsono, Boedi. (2007). Hukum Agraria Indonesia : Sejarah Pembentukan Undang-undang Pokok Agraria, isi dan pelaksanaannya. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Illas, M. (2009). Agricultural Soil and Agricultural Land, Problems and Challenges from The View of Legal Regulation, Unauthentifiziert | Heruntergeladen 26.02.20 07:38 UTC. EU Agrarian Law. 8 (1). 9-10.

Jamilah, L., & Firmansyah, A. (2019). Legal Basis of Land Reform. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. 409. 219-223.

Jesica, Naomi et. al. (2018). The Realization of Social Justice for Underprivileged People in Legal Philosophy. Legal Spirit. 2 (2). 1-7.

Kaligis, R. A. W. (2019). Agrarian Reform as A Nationalism Issue from Colonial to Reformasi Era. Paramita: Historical Studies Journal. 29(1). 33-34. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15294/paramita.v29i1.136332 (1).

Kawagoe, T. (1999). Agricultural Land Reform in Postwar Japan: Experiences and Issues, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2111. 1999, The World Bank and Seikei University Contact address: DECRG, The World Bank MC3-545, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433 U.S.A. Phone: +1 (202)-473-2955 Fax: +1 (202)-522-1151 e-mail: tkawagoe@worldbank.org.

Kim, I. 2016. Land Reform in South Korea under the U.S. Military Occupation, 1945–1948. Journal of Cold War Studies. 18 (2). 97–129, DOI:10.1162/JCWS_a_00639.

Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria. Laporan Akhir Tahun 2013. 8.

KOO, A. Y. C. (1966). Economic Consequences of Land Reform in Taiwan. 6 (3). 150. https://doi.org/10.2307/2642219.

Lazíková, J. & Lazíková, Z. (2018). Land Consolidation in Slovakia. Sciendo: EU Agarian Law. VII (2). 20-21.

Li, L., Tan, R., & Wu, C. (2020). Reconstruction of China’s Farmland Rights System Based on the ‘Trifurcation of Land Rights’ Reform. Land. 9(2), 51. Pg 2-16; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9020051.

MAR, M. D-S., & ÁNGEL, J. H-M. (2018). Land Use Changes In Spain.Drivers And Trends In Agricultural Land Use. Sciendo: EU Agrarian Law. VII (2). 1-8.

Morfit, Michael. (2016). Pancasila: The Indonesian State Ideology According to the New Order Government. University of California Press. Asian Survey. 21 (8). 838-851.

Nara, B.B., Lengoiboni, M., & Zevenbergen, J. (2020). Implications of Customary Land Rights Inequalities for Food Security: A Study of Smallholder Farmers in Northwest Ghana. MDPI: Land. 9(6), 178; https://doi.org/10.3390/land9060178.

Nguyen, T. T. (2012). Land Reform and Farm Production in the Northern Uplands of Vietnam. Asian Economic Journal. 6 (1). 43–61.

Nguyen, T.T., Bauer, S. & Grote, U. (2016). Does Land Tenure Security Promote Manure Use by Farm Households in Vietnam?. MDPI: Sustainability. 8 (2) 178. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8020178.

Nizar, C., Hamzah, A., & Syahnur, S. (2013) Pengaruh Investasi Dan Tenaga Kerja Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Serta Hubungannya Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan Di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi. 1 (2). 3.

PALŠOVÁ, L. (2018). The Support of Agricultural Land Through The “Central European Initiative on Agricultural Land Protection. Sciendo: EU Agrarian Law. VII (2). 24-26.

Pandamdari, E. (2019). Harapan Sejahtera Dan Adil Melalui Peraturan Presiden Nomor 86 Tahun 2018 Tentang Reforma Agraria. Hukum Pidana dan Pembangunan Hukum. 1 (2). 3-4.

Parlindungan, A.P. (1991). Land reform di Indonesia Strategi dan Sasarannya.

Bandung: Mandar Maju.

Parangin-angin, Andria. (2014) Petani Melawan Negara dan Pengusaha, Jurnal

Land reform. II. 48.

Perangin, Effendi. (1986). Hukum Agraria di Indonesia, Suatu Telaah dari Sudut Pandang Praktisi Hukum. Jakarta: CV. Rajawali.

Purbantina, A.P. (2013). Dari Yoshida Doctrine ke Fukuda Doctrine:Politik Luar Negeri Jepang di Asia Tenggara Pasca-Perang Dunia II. Global & Policy. 1 (1). 43.

Putra, Ganda Surya Satya Johni Arifin. 2015. Actualization Pancasila Indonesia Persepctive As Legal Reform Law Progressive. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law. 8 (4). 170.

Rajaguguk, Erman. (1985). Seperempat abad Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria, Land reform: Suatu Tinjauan Kebelakang dan Pandangan Kedepan. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan. 15. 4-5.

Resosudarmo, I. A. P., Tacconia, L Sloanb, S, Hamdanic, F. A. U, Subarudic, Alviyac, I, Muttaqinc, M.A. (2019). Indonesia's land reform: Implications for local livelihoods and climate change. Elsevier. Forest Policy and Economics. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2019.04.

Rosadi, O. (2010). Hukum Kodrat, Pancasila Dan Asas Hukum Dalam Pembentukan Hukum Di Indonesia. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum. 10 (3). 287.

Ruslina, E. (2012). Makna Pasal 33 Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 dalam Pembangunan Hukum Ekonomi Indonesia. Jurnal Konstitusi. 9 (1). 56-57.

Saputra, IA Muhammad. (2015). Reforma Agraria di Indonesia. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.

Sikor, T dan Muller, D. (2009). The Limits of State-Led Land Reform: An Introduction. World Development. 37 (8). 1308-1316, http://doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.08.010.

Sodik, J., & Nuryadin, D. (2005). Investasi Dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional (Studi Kasus Pada 26 Propinsi Di Indonesia,Pra Dan Pasca Otonomi), Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan. 10 (2). 157.

Soetiknjo, Imam. (1986). Politik Agraria Nasional. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Song, J. & Gao, Y. (2018). Innovative Design of Agricultural Cross-border Ecommerce Management Platform Construction between Hainan and Taiwan. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 113 (2018) 012168 doi :10.1088/1755-1315/113/1/012168.

Sudrajat, A. (2016). Demokrasi Pancasila Dalam Perspektif Sejarah, MOZAIK: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora. 8 (1). 6.

Sugianto, D. (2018). Investasi Asing Mengalir ke RI Sejak Era Orde Baru. Detikfinance. Retrieve at March, 10 2020 from https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/d-4310869/investasi-asing-mengalir-ke-ri-sejak-era-orde-baru.

Suherman, E. (2004). Dinamika Masyarakat Jepang dari Masa Edo Hingga Pascaperang Dunia II. Humaniora. 16 (2). 208.

Sukardi. (2004). Perspektif Kritis Kebijakan Pembaharuan Agraria Dari Rejim

Orde Baru ke Rejim Reformasi. Jurnal Administrasi Publik. 3 (2). 189-190.

Sutadi, R. D., Luthfi, A.N., & Mujiburahman, D.A. (2018). Kebijakan Reforma Agraria Di Indonesia (Kajian Komparatif Tiga Periode Pelaksanaan: Orde Lama, Orde Baru, dan Orde Reformasi). Jurnal Tunas Agraria. 1 (1). 203.

Syahyuti. (2004). Kendala Pelaksanaan Land reform Di Indonesia: Analisa Terhadap Kondisi Dan Perkembangan Berbagai Faktor Prasyarat Pelaksanaan Reforma Agraria. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. 22 (2). 93.

Vendryes, T. (2010). Land Rights in Rural China since 1978, Reforms, Successes, and Shortcomings. Rural Migrants: On the Fringe of the City, a Bridge to the Countryside. Open Edition Journal: China Perspective. 2010/4. Pg. 89-91. https://doi.org/10.4000/chinaperspectives.5345.

Wahyudi, A. (2006). Ideologi Pancasila: Doktrin Yang Komprehensif Atau Konsepsi Politis. Jurnal Filsafat. 39 (1). 102.

Wegerif, M. C. A., & Guereña, A. (2020). Land Inequality Trends and Drivers. MDPI: Land. 9 (4). 1-2. doi:10.3390/land9040101.

Widodo, S. (2017). A Critical Review of Indonesia’s Agrarian Reform Policy. Journal of Regional and City Planning. 28 (3). 209-210. DOI: 10.5614/jrcp.2017.28.3.4.

You, Jong-sung. (2014). Land Reform, Inequality, and Corruption: A Comparative Historical Study of Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines. The Korean Journal of International Studies. 12 (1). 191-224, http://dx.doi.org/10.14731/kjis.2014.06.12.1.191.

Yuen, S. (2014). China’s New Rural Land Reform ? Assessment and Prospects. Centre d'étude français sur la Chine contemporaine: Open Edition Journal. ISSN: 1996-4617. 2014/1. 62-63.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2019.19.3.2597

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





JURNAL DINAMIKA HUKUM Indexed by :

 
Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Faculty of Law, Universitas Jenderal SoedirmanCopyright of Jurnal Dinamika Hukum
Yustisia I Building, Room Number 111ISSN 2407-6562 (Online) ISSN 1410-0797 (Print)
Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, 53122JDH is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License